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Metcalf & Tanzer

METCALF, Robert D. & TANZER, Mark B.. Martin Heidegger - Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Philosophy (GA18). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009.


The Philological Purpose of the Lecture and Its Presuppositions

§1. The Philological Purpose of the Lecture: Consideration of Some Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Philosophy in Their Conceptuality §2. The Presuppositions of the Philological Purpose: Demarcation of the Manner in Which Philosophy Is Treated


Preliminary Understanding as to the Indigenous Character of Conceptuality by Way of an Explication of Being-There as Being-in-the-World: An Orientation toward Aristotelian Basic Concepts


Consideration of Definition as the Place of the Explicability of the Concept and the Return to the Ground of Definition

§3. The Determination of the Concept through the Doctrine of Definition in Kant’s Logic 9

§4. The Aspects of the Conceptuality of Aristotle ’s Basic Concepts and the Question Concerning Their Indigenous Character 11

§5. Return to the Ground of Definition 13

a) The Predicables

b) The Aristotelian Determination of ορισμός as λόγος ουσίας

§6. Preliminary Clarification of λόγος 15

§7. Ουσία as the Basic Concept of Aristotelian Philosophy 17

a) The Various Types of Conceptual Ambiguity and the Coming to Be of Terms

b) The Customary Meaning of Ούσία

c) The Terminological Meaning of Ούσία

α. Ούσία as Beings

β. Ούσία as Being: Being-Characters (Metaphysics, Δ8).

γ. Ούσία as Being-There: Being-Characters as Characters of the There

§8. ’Ορισμός as Determinate Mode of Being-in-the-World: The Task of Fully Understanding the Basic Concepts in Their Conceptuality in Being-There as Being-in-the-World 26


The Aristotelian Definition of the Being-There of the Human Being as ζωή πρακτική in the Sense of a ψυχής ένέργεια

§9. The Being-There of Human Beings as ψυχή: Speaking-Being (λόγον εχειν) and Being-with-One-Another (κοινωνία) (Politics A 2, Rhetoric A 6 and 11). 32

a) The Determination of Human Beings as ζωον λόγον εχον: The Task of Setting λόγος Apart from φωνή

b) The λόγος of Human Beings and the φωνή of Animals as Peculiar Modes of Being-in-the-World and of Being-with-One-Another

α. Orientation toward Phenomena That Lie at the Basis of the Separating of λόγος from φωνή

β. The Encounter-Characters of the World of Animals: ήδύ and λυπηρόν: Φωνή as Indicating, Enticing, Warning γ. The Encounter-Characters of the World of Humans Beings: συμφέρον, βλαβερόν, and αγαθόν. Λόγος as Self-Expression with Others about What Is Conducive to the End of Concern

c) The One (Das Man) as the How of the Everydayness of Being-with-One-Another: The Equiprimordiality of Being-with-One-Another and Speaking-Being

§10. The Being-There of Human Beings as ενέργεια: The άγαθόν (Nicomachean Ethics A 1-4). 46

a) The Explicitness of the αγαθόν

α. The Explicitness of the αγαθόν as Such in τέχνη β. The Explicitness of the ανθρώπινον αγαθόν in the πολιτική

b) The Basic Determinations of the αγαθόν

α. Manifoldness and Guiding Connectedness of the τέλη and Necessity of a τέλος δι’ αύτό

β. The βίοι as τέλη δι’ αύτά: The Criteria for the τέλος δι’ αύτό: οίκεΐον, δυσαφαίρετον, τέλειον, and αυταρκεςν §11. The τέλειον (Metaphysics Δ16) 55

a) Translation of the Chapter

b) Arrangement of the Chapter

α. The First Two Points of Arrangement. The Method of Carrying-Over

β. Presentation of the Context of the Treatment of τέλειον γ. Revised Arrangement of the Chapter

c) The τέλειον as Limit in the Sense of the Genuine There of a Being

§12. Continuing the Consideration of the άγαθόν (Nicomachean Ethics, A 5-6) 63

a) Continuing the Discussion of Basic Determinations of the αγαθόν: The ανθρώπινον αγαθόν as the άπλως τέλειον

b) The ψυχής ένέργειαι κατ’ αρετήν as the Being-Possibility of Human Beings Which Is Sufficient for the Sense of ανθρώπινον αγαθόν


The Interpretation of the Being-There of Human Beings with regard to the Basic Possibility of Speaking-with-One-Another Guided by Rhetoric

§13. Speaking-Being as Ability-to-Hear and as Possibility of Falling: The Double-Sense of Άλογον (Nicomachean Ethics A13; De Anima B4). 71

§14. The Basic Determination of Rhetoric and λόγος Itself as πίστις (Rhetoric Α1-3) 78

a) The Basic Definition of Rhetoric as the Possibility of Seeing What at Each Moment Speaks for a Matter

b) The Three πίστεις έντεχνοι: ήθος, πάθος, and λόγος Itself

c) Λόγος Itself as πίστις

α. The Three Forms of Hearer and the Three Types of λόγος to Be Determined from Them: Deliberative Discourse (συμβουλευτικός), Judicial Discourse (δικανικός), and Eulogy (έπιδεικτικός)

β. Rhetorical Speaking with παράδειγμα and ένθύμημα as Paralleling Dialectical Speaking with έπαγωγή and συλλογισμός

§15. Δόξα (Nicomachean Ethics, Ζ10 and Γ4) 93

a) Demarcation of δόξα in Contrast with Seeking (ζήτησις), Knowing (έπιστήμη), and Presenting-Itself (φαντασία)

b) Making-Present of the Context for the Treatment of δόξα

c) Repetition and Continuation of the Demarcation of δόξα: δόξα and Being-Resolved (προαίρεσις)

d) The Character of δόξα as the Orientedness of Average Being-with-One-Another-in-the-World

e) Δόξα as the Basis of Theoretical Negotiating

α. Pre-given (πρότασις) and Project (πρόβλημα) as From-Which and About-Which of Theoretical Negotiating (Topics A4 and Α10-11)

β. Inability-to-Get-Through (απορία) as the Topic of Theoretical Negotiating (Metaphysics Β1)

§16. ήθος and πάθος as πίστεις (Rhetoric Β1, Nicomachean Ethics Β4) 109

a) Theoretical and Practical Negotiating

b) ήθος as πίστις

c) πάθος as πίστις

§17. Έξις (Metaphysics Δ23 and 20, Nicomachean Ethics Β 1-5) 116

a) έχειν and έξις

b) Presentation of the Context of the Treatment of έξις

c) έξις and αρετή

α. The γένεσις of αρετή β. Αρετή as μεσότης

γ. The Orientation of αρετή toward the Moment (καιρός)

§18. Πάθος. Its General Meanings and Its Role in Human Being-There (Metaphysics Δ21, De AnimaΑ1) 129

a) Έξις as Clue to the Conception of the Being-Structure of πάθος

b) The Four General Meanings of πάθος

c) Πάθος as the Being-Taken of Human Being-There in Its Full Bodily Being-in-the-World

d) The Double-Type of Consideration of πάθος according to είδος and υλη, and the Question Concerning the Task of the φυσικός

§19. The φυσικός and His Manner ofTreating ψυχή (De Part. An. Α 1) 140

a) The Two Types of έξις θεωρίας: Concrete Knowledge (έπιστήμη) and Assurance of the Manner of Treatment (παιδεία)

b) The Decisive παιδεία for Investigating the φύσει γινόμενα: The ού ένεκα as λόγος in the Primary Respect

c) The Determination of Independent λόγος in Relation to φύσει γινόμενα

α. The έργα τέχνης and the λόγος of τέχνη β. The Being-Characters of the φύσει γινόμενα γ. Criticism of the Type of Consideration of the Ancient Physiologists

d) The Dual Proof of the Restricted Scope of the φυσικός

α. Indirect Proof

β. Proof from the Character of Being-Moved Itself

e) The Definiteness of the History of the Study of Nature by Way of Truth Itself

§20. Πάθος as ήδονή and λύπη (Nicomachean Ethics, Κ1-5) 162

§21. Φόβος (Rhetoric Β 5) 167

a) Schematic Outline of the Characterization of Fear

b) The Topic, the First Definition, and the First Determinations

c) The Threatening (φοβερά) and the Encounter-Characters That Announce (σημεία) It

d) Human Beings Themselves insofar as They Are Frightening (φοβεροί)

e) The Genuineness of the Frightening (φοβερόν)

f) Disposition in Being Afraid

g) Fear as πίστις: Courage as the Possibility of Being-Composed in Relation to It: The πάθη as Ground of λόγος

§22. Supplements to the Explication of Being-There as Being-in-the-World 176

a) The έξις of αληθεύειν (Nicomachean Ethics Δ12-13)

b) The World as World of Nature


Retrieving Interpretation of Aristotelian Basic Concepts on the Basis of the Understanding of the Indigenous Character of Conceptuality


The Being-There of Human Beings as the Indigenous Character of Conceptuality

§23. Showing of the Possibility of Conceptuality in Being-There according to Concretely Giving Basic Experience, Guiding Claim, and Prevailing Intelligibility 183

§24. The Double Sense of the Possibility of Conceptuality in Being-There 185

a) The Possibility of Conceptuality in the Negative Sense of That in Relation to Which Conceptuality Is Cultivated

α. The Interpretedness of Being-There in Fore-Having, ForeSight, and Fore-Grasp

β. Λόγος as the Possibility of Error and Dissimulation

b) The Possibility of Conceptuality in the Positive Sense of the Possibility of That for Which Conceptuality Is Cultivated: Νους as διανοεΐσθαι.


Interpretation of the Cultivation of the Concept of κίνησις as a Radical Grasping of the Interpretedness of Being-There

§25. The Aristotelian Physics as άρχή-Research: Orientation toward the First Two Books 192

§26. Movement as έντελέχεια του δυνάμει δντος (Physics, Γ1) 195

a) Outline of the Chapter

b) The Role of Fear in άρχή-Research

c) The Topic and What Is Co-Given with It

d) The Modes of Being from Which Movement Is to Be Apprehended

α. έντελέχεια and ένέργεια β. στέρησις γ. δύναμις

δ. Being in the Sense of the Categories e. Movement as the Being of Beings of the World Itself: Critique of the Platonic Discourse on the αγαθόν καθόλου (Nicomachean Ethics Α 4).

f) The διχως of the Categories

g) The First Definition of Movement and Its Illustration

§27. Movement as άόριστον (Physics Γ2) 213

a) Outline of the Chapter

b) Critique of the Earlier Determination of Movement through έτερότης, ανισότης, and μή ον

c) The Ground of This Determination: The αόριστον of Movement

d) Movement as ατελής in Relation to the έργον

§28. Movement as εντελέχεια του δυνάμει ποιητικού και παθητικού (Physics Γ3) 217

a) Outline of the Chapter

b) The πρός τι as Character of Being-in-the-World

c) The Genuine Definition of Movement through ποίησις and πάθησις

II. The Text of the Lecture Course on the Basis of the Preserved Parts of the Handwritten Manuscript

Submitted on 24.07.2019 16:11
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